Fire Escape Requirements
The Building Code of Australia section D2 Construction of exits requires automatic sliding doorways serving as or part of a required exit to include the following performance features:
1. 19b (iv) A It must be able to be opened manually under a force of not more than 110 N if there is a malfunction or failure of the power source; and 19 (iv) B if it leads directly to a road or open space it must open automatically if there is a power failure to the door or on the activation of a fire or smoke alarm any where in the fire compartment served by the door.
2. 21 The door in a required exit or forming part of or in the path of travel to a required exit must be readily openable without a key from the side that faces a person seeking egress, by a single hand downward action or pushing action on a single device which is located between 900mm and 1.2m from the floor, except if it:
21c(i) Serves an occupancy where special arrangements for security are necessary and it can be immediately unlocked by operating a fall-safe control switch, not contained within a protective enclosure. AS 5007 (3.3.2 Manual activation) and AS 1428.1-2001 (11.2.2) recommended in addition that the switch shall be mounted in a position where the user has an unimpeded view of the door, within a area that a person walking at normal pace has enough time to egress the doorway before it closes and is mounted between 900mm and 1100mm from the finished floor. The button shall not be fitted to a position where the user will not be struck by the door during its opening cycle. The design of the button shall satisfy the needs of the user and the requirements for person with disability to have a switch width of a recommended 35mm. The button shall be suitably labeled by a sign – or
3. 21d Is fitted with a fail-safe device which automatically unlocks the door upon the activation of any sprinkler/smoke/heat detector system installed throughout the building;
Note! Special requirements apply to places of public entertainment in NSW.
The NSW environmental Planning and Assessment Regulations 2000 part 9 nominates Automatic fail-safe devices to be a statutory fire safety measures are as follows:
a) Before a building under construction can be occupied the owner of the building has to provide the local Council and Fire Commissioner a final fire certificate stating that all the fire safety measures in the building have been carried out a final fire safety assessment (item 169).
b) The final fire safety statement must be carried out by a properly qualified person within 3 months of the date of the final fire certificate. The person who carries out the assessment must inspect, test and verify the performance of the fire safety measure (item 171).
c) The annual fire safety statement must be carried out by a properly qualified person within 3 months prior to the anniversary date of the issue of the fire certificate. The person who carries out the test must inspect, test and verify the performance of the fire safety measure (item 176).
d) Fire Safety Maintenance The owner of the building must not fail to maintain the essential fire safety measure to a standard no less than that the specified in the buildings schedule or to the standard of design that was originally implemented; (item 182) AS 5007 and the manufacture ADIS Automatic Doors recommends that inspections and verification tests be made on a triennial basis (3 times a year).
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